There are more than 2,000 known skin disorders, some of which are listed below:
Acne is an inflammatory skin condition, commonly affecting the face, chest and back. It is one of the most common skin conditions, affecting up to 80-90% of adolescents. Acne affects young adults the most, but it can also be a problem for older people. It usually starts in puberty when skin glands produce excess grease.
There are a different range of treatments depending on the severity of the acne, such as gels, creams or lotions that are applied directly to the skin for mild acne, to oral antibiotics for more severe acne.
Eczema, or dermatitis as it is sometimes called, is a group of skin conditions which can affect all age groups. The severity of the disease can vary. In mild forms the skin is dry, hot and itchy, whilst in more severe forms the skin can become broken, raw and bleeding. Although it can sometimes look unpleasant, eczema is not contagious. With treatment the inflammation of eczema can be reduced, though the skin will always be sensitive to flare-ups and will need extra care.
Psoriasis is a dry, scaly skin condition in which skin cells are reproduced too quickly. It can start at any age, but most often develops between 11 and 45 years old, often at puberty. Psoriasis usually appears as red, scaly patches that when scraped or scratched reveal fine silvery scales. The patches, which appear mostly on the knees, elbows, and the scalp, may itch and feel uncomfortable, but psoriasis can appear anywhere on the body. Psoriasis cannot be cured, but emollients, skin softeners and topical drug therapy can successfully keep the condition under control.